1944 – The Nail

★★★☆☆ Spain. 1h39m. Romance / Drama. Directed by Rafael Gil. Written by Rafael Gil, Eduardo Marquina. Cinematography by Alfredo Fraile. Edited by Juan Serra. Music by José Quintero. Starring Amparo Rivelles, Rafael Durán, Juan Espantaleón, Milagros Leal, Joaquin Roa, Irene Caba Alba, José Franco.

In 19th century Castile, Judge Joaquín Zarco travels in a stagecoach with a beautiful woman, Blanca. It is Carnavile. They fall in love but she disappears.

1991 – Naked Lunch

★★★★☆ Canada / UK / Japan. 1h55m. Drama. Directed by David Cronenberg. Written by David Cronenberg (screenplay) and William S. Burroughs (“Naked Lunch”). Cinematography by Peter Suschitzky. Edited by Ronald Sanders. Music by Howard Shore, Ornette Coleman. Starring Peter Weller, Judy Davis, Ian Holm, Julian Sands, Roy Scheider, Monique Mercure, Nicholas Campbell, Michael Zeiniker, Robert A. Silverman.

William Lee is an exterminator who finds that his wife Joan is stealing his supply of insecticide to use as a recreational drug. Lee is arrested by the police, and he begins hallucinating as a result of exposure to the insecticide. Lee comes to believe that he is a secret agent, and his boss, a giant talking beetle, assigns him the mission of killing Joan, who is allegedly an agent of an organization called Interzone Incorporated.

An adaptation of William S. Burroughs’ 1959 novel of the same name. A box office bomb, garnering only $2.6 million out of a $17–18 million budget due to a limited release. Has since become a cult film, acclaimed for its surrealistic visual and thematic elements.

1944 – None But The Lonely Heart

★★★☆☆ USA. 1h53m. Drama / Romance. Directed by Clifford Odets. Written by Clifford Odets (screenplay) and Richard Llewellyn (“None But The Lonely Heart”). Cinematography by George Barnes. Edited by Roland Gross. Music by Hanns Eisler. Starring Cary Grant, Ethel Barrymore, Barry Fitzgerald, June Duprez, Jane Wyatt, George Coulouris.

Tells the story of a young Cockney drifter who returns home with no ambitions but finds that his family needs him. The title of the film is taken from Tchaikovsky’s song “None but the Lonely Heart”, which is featured in the background music.

1939 – Only Angels Have Wings

★★★★☆ USA. 2h1m. Adventures / Drama / Romance. Directed by Howard Hawks. Written by Jules Furthman (screenplay) and Howard Hawks (story). Cinematography by Joseph Walker. Edited by Viola Lawrence. Music by Dmitri Tiomkin. Starring Cary Grant, Jean Arthur, Richard Barthelmess, Rita Hayworth, Thomas Mitchell, Allyn Joslyn, Sig Ruman, Victor Killian, John Carroll, Don Barry.

Geoff Carter is the head pilot and manager of Barranca Airways, a small, barely solvent company owned by “Dutchy” Van Ruyter, carrying airmail from the fictional South American port town of Barranca through a high pass in the Andes Mountains. The situation is complicated by the arrival of pilot Bat MacPherson and his wife (and Geoff’s old flame) Judy.

1954 – On The Waterfront

★★★★★ USA. 1h48m. Crime / Drama. Directed by Elia Kazan. Written by Budd Schulberg. Cinematography by Boris Kaufman. Edited by Gene Milford. Music by Leonard Bernstein. Starring Marlon Brando, Karl Malden, Lee J. Cobb, Rod Steiger, Pat Henning, Eva Marie Saint.

Focuses on union violence and corruption amongst longshoremen, while detailing widespread corruption, extortion, and racketeering on the waterfronts of Hoboken, New Jersey. On the Waterfront was a critical and commercial success. It received twelve Academy Award nominations and won eight, including Best Picture, Best Actor for Brando, Best Supporting Actress for Saint, and Best Director for Kazan. In 1997, it was ranked by the American Film Institute as the eighth-greatest American movie of all time; in AFI’s 2007 list, it was ranked 19th.

1965 – Othello

★★★★☆ UK. 2h45m. Drama. Directed by Stuart Burge. Written by William Shakespeare (“Othello”). Cinematography by Geoffrey Unsworth. Edited by Richard Marden. Music by Richard Hampton. Starring Laurence Olivier, Maggie Smith, Joyce Redman, Frank Finlay, Derek Jacobi, Robert Lang, Kenneth Mackintosh, Anthony Nicholls, Sheila Reid, Edward Hardwicke, Michael Gambon.

Starred Laurence Olivier, Maggie Smith, Joyce Redman, and Frank Finlay, who all received Oscar nominations, and provided film debuts for both Derek Jacobi and Michael Gambon. The film retains most of Shakespeare’s original play, and does not change the order of scenes, as do Olivier’s Hamlet and Richard III. The only major omission is the Fool’s scene, although other minor lines are cut here and there (the stage version contained more of the play than the film did).

1985 – Pale Rider

★★★★☆ USA. 1h56m. Western / Drama. Directed by Clint Eastwood. Written by Michael Butler, Dennis Shryack. Cinematography by Bruce Surtees. Edited by Joel Cox. Music by Lennie Niehaus. Starring Clint Eastwood, Michael Moriarty, Carrie Snodgress, Richard Dysart, Chris Penn, Sydney Penny, John Russell, Richard Kiel.

Outside the snowy mountain town of Lahood, California, thugs working for big-time miner Coy LaHood destroy the camp of a group of prospectors and their families. They shoot a dog belonging to 14-year-old Megan Wheeler, who prays for a miracle as she buries its body in the woods. Thunder rolls and a stranger rides down the slopes.

1947 – The Paradine Case

★★★☆☆ USA. 1h54m. Drama / Romance. Directed by Alfred Hitchcock. Written by Alma Reville, James Bridie, David O. Selznick, Ben Hecht (screenplay) and Robert Hichens (“The Paradine Case”). Cinematography by Lee Garmes. Edited by Hal C. Kern. Music by Franz Waxman, Edward Rebner, Paul Dessau. Starring Gregory Peck, Ann Todd, Alida Valli, Charles Laughton, Charles Coburn, Joan Tetzel, Ethel Barrymore.

Film noir courtroom drama that tells of an English barrister who falls in love with a woman who is accused of murder, and how it affects his relationship with his wife.

2019 – Parasite

★★★★★ South Korea. 2h12m. Black Comedy / Thriller / Drama. Directed by Bong Joon-ho. Written by Bong Joon-ho, Han Jin-Won (screenplay) and Bong Joon-ho (story). Cinematography by Hong Kyung-pyo. Edited by Yang Jin-mo. Music by Jung Jae-il. Starring Song Kang-ho, Lee Sun-kyun, Cho Yeo-jeong, Choi Woo-shik, Park So-dam, Lee Jung-eun, Jang Hye-jin.

Follows the members of a poor family who scheme to become employed by a wealthy family by infiltrating their household and posing as unrelated, highly qualified individuals. The highest-grossing South Korean film of all time, and the first film since 1955’s Marty (and third overall) to win both the Palme d’Or at Cannes and the Academy Award for Best Picture.

1941 – Penny Serenade

★★★★☆ USA. 2h. Drama / Romance. Directed by George Stevens. Written by Morrie Ryskind (screenplay) and Martha Cheavens (“Penny Serenade”). Cinematography by Joseph Walker. Edited by Otto Meyer. Music by W. Franke Harling. Starring Irene Dunne, Cary Grant, Beulah Bondi, Edgar Buchanan, Ann Doran, Eva Lee Kuney.

Starring Irene Dunne and Cary Grant as a loving couple who must overcome adversity to keep their marriage and raise a child. Grant was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance.

1931 – Potiphar’s Wife

★★★★☆ UK. 1h19m. Romance / Drama. Directed by Maurice Elvey. Written by Victor Kendall (screenplay) and Maurice Elvey (story) and Edgar Middleton (“Potiphar’s Wife”). Cinematography by James Wilson. Edited by Leslie Norman. Starring Nora Swinburne, Laurence Olivier, Norman McKinnel, Guy Newall, Donald Calthrop, Ronald Frankau, Elsa Lanchester.

A lady of royalty tries unsuccessfully to interest her chauffeur in a clandestine romance.

1940 – Pride And Prejudice

★★★★☆ USA. 1h57m. Romance / Drama. Directed by Robert Z. Leonard. Written by Aldous Huxley, Jane Murfin (screenplay) and Helen Jerome (story) and Jane Austen (“Pride And Prejudice”). Cinematography by Karl Freund. Edited by Robert Kern. Music by Herbert Stothart. Starring Greer Garson, Laurence Olivier, Mary Boland, Edna May Oliver, Maureen O’Sullivan, Ann Rutherford, Frieda Inescort, Edmund Gwenn, Karen Morley, Melville Cooper, Edward Ashley Cooper, Bruce Lester, E.E. Clive.

About five sisters from an English family of landed gentry who must deal with issues of marriage, morality, and misconceptions. The film was released by MGM on July 26, 1940, in the United States and was critically well received. The New York Times film critic praised the film as “the most deliciously pert comedy of old manners, the most crisp and crackling satire in costume that we in this corner can remember ever having seen on the screen.”

1979 – Quadrophenia

★★★★☆ UK. 2h. Drama. Directed by Franc Roddam. Written by Dave Humphires, Franc Roddam, Martin Stellman, Pete Townshend. Cinematography by Brian Tufano. Edited by Sean Barton, Mike Taylor. Music by The Who. Starring Phil Daniels, Leslie Ash, Philip Davis, Mark Wingett, Sting, Ray Winstone, Gary Shail, Garry Cooper, Toyah Wilcox, Trevor Laird, Andy Sayce, Kate Williams, Michael Elphick, Kim Neve, Benjamin Whitrow.

Stars Phil Daniels as Jimmy, a young 1960s London-based Mod who escapes from his dead-end job as a mailroom boy by dancing, partying, taking amphetamines, riding his scooter and brawling with the motorcycle-riding Rockers. After he and his friends participate in a huge brawl with the Rockers at the seaside town of Brighton, he is arrested and his life starts to spiral out of control; he loses his love interest (Leslie Ash), gets kicked out of his house by his parents, and discovers that his idol, the popular mod nicknamed “Ace Face” (Sting), is actually a bell boy at a hotel. Unlike the adaptation of Tommy, Quadrophenia is not a musical film, and the band does not appear live in the film.

2016 – The Queen Of Spain

★★★☆☆ Spain. 2h8m. Comedy / Drama. Directed by Fernando Trueba. Written by Fernando Trueba. Cinematography by José Luis Alcaine. Edited by Marta Velasco. Music by Zbigniew Preisner. Starring Penélope Cruz, Antonio Resines, Neus Asensi, Ana Belén, Javier Cámara, Chino Darín, Cary Elwes.

Nearly twenty years after the events of The Girl of Your Dreams, in the 1950s, Macarena Granada, who has become a Hollywood star, returns to Spain to film a blockbuster about Queen Isabella I of Castile.

1987 – Radio Days

★★★★☆ USA. 1h25m. Comedy / Drama. Directed by Woody Allen. Written by Woody Allen. Cinematography by Carlo Di Palma. Edited by Susan E. Morse. Music by Dick Hyman. Starring Danny Aiello, Jeff Daniels, Mia Farrow, Seth Green, Robert Joy, Julie Kavner, Diane Keaton, Julie Kurnitz, Renée Lippin, Kenneth Mars, Josh Mostel, Tony Roberts, Wallace Shawn, Michael Tucker, David Warrilow, Dianne Wiest.

Looks back on an American family’s life during the Golden Age of Radio using both music and memories to tell the story. Stars an ensemble cast. Considered one of Allen’s greatest films. A favorite of Stanley Kubrick.

1994 – Reality Bites

★★★☆☆ USA. 1h39m. Comedy / Drama / Romance. Directed by Ben Stiller. Written by Helen Childress. Cinematography by Emmanuel Lubezki. Edited by Lisa Churgin. Music by Karl Wallinger. Starring Winona Ryder, Ethan Hawke, Ben Stiller, Janeane Garofalo, Steve Zahn, Swoosie Kurtz, Harry O’Reilly, Barry Sherman, Anne Meara, Andy Dick, Joe Don Baker, John Mahoney, Keith David, David Pirner, Evan Dando, Karen Duffy.

Follows Lelaina (Ryder), an aspiring videographer working on a documentary called Reality Bites about the disenfranchised lives of her friends and roommates. Their challenges exemplify some of the career and lifestyle choices faced by Generation X.

1955 – Richard III

★★★★☆ UK. 2h41m. Drama. Directed by Laurence Olivier. Written by Laurence Olivier (screenplay) and Colley Cibber, David Garrick (story) and Willilam Shakespeare (“Richard III”). Cinematography by Otto Heller. Edited by Helga Cranston. Music by William Walton. Starring Laurence Olivier, Ralph Richardson, Claire Bloom, Cedric Hardwicke, John Gielgud, Laurence Naismith, Norman Wooland.

Depicts Richard plotting and conspiring to grasp the throne from his brother King Edward IV. In the process, many are killed and betrayed, with Richard’s evil leading to his own downfall. The prologue of the film states that history without its legends would be “a dry matter indeed”, implicitly admitting to the artistic licence that Shakespeare applied to the events of the time.

1927 – The Ring

★★★☆☆ UK. 1h48m. Drama / Romance. Directed by Alfred Hitchcock. Written by Alfred Hitchcock, Eliot Stannard. Cinematography by Jack E. Cox. Starring Carl Brisson, Lillian Hall-Davis, Ian Hunter, Forrester Harvey, Harry Terry, Gordon Harker.

One of Hitchcock’s nine surviving silent films, The Ring concerns the struggles a fairground boxer has with a mysterious heavyweight contender, especially when the rivalry threatens to end his relationship with his girlfriend.

1968 – Romeo And Juliet

★★★★☆ UK / Italy. 2h18m. Romance / Drama. Directed by Franco Zeffirelli. Written by Franco Brusati, Masolino D’Amico, Franco Zeffirelli (screenplay) and William Shakespeare (“Romeo and Juliet”). Cinematography by Pasqualino De Santis. Edited by Reginald Mills. Music by Nino Rota. Starring Leonard Whiting, Olivia Hussey, John McEnery, Milo O’Shea, Pat Heywood, Robert Stephens, Michael York, Laurence Olivier.

Romeo And Juliet won Academy Awards for Best Cinematography and Best Costume Design; it was also nominated for Best Director and Best Picture, making it the last Shakespearean film to be nominated for Best Picture to date. Laurence Olivier spoke the film’s prologue and epilogue and reportedly dubbed the voice of the Italian actor playing Lord Montague, but was not credited in the film.

The most financially successful film adaptation of a Shakespeare play at the time of its release, it was popular among teenagers partly because it was the first film to use actors who were close to the age of the characters from the original play

1998 – Saving Private Ryan

★★★★★ USA. 2h49m. War / Drama. Directed by Steven Spielberg. Written by Robert Rodat. Cinematography by Janusz Kaminski. Edited by Michael Kahn. Music by John Williams. Starring Tom Hanks, Edward Burns, Matt Damon, Tom Sizemore, Jeremy Davies, Vin Dielsel, Adam Goldberg, Barry Pepper, Giovanni Ribisi, Ted Danson, Paul Giamatti, Dennis Farina.

Set during the Invasion of Normandy in World War II, the film is known for its graphic portrayal of war and for the intensity of its second scene of 23 minutes, a depiction of the Omaha Beach assault during the Normandy landings. The film follows United States Army Rangers Captain John H. Miller and his squad as they search for a paratrooper, Private First Class James Francis Ryan, the last surviving brother of a family of four, with his three other brothers having been killed in action.