1955 – Richard III

★★★★☆ UK. 2h41m. Drama. Directed by Laurence Olivier. Written by Laurence Olivier (screenplay) and Colley Cibber, David Garrick (story) and Willilam Shakespeare (“Richard III”). Cinematography by Otto Heller. Edited by Helga Cranston. Music by William Walton. Starring Laurence Olivier, Ralph Richardson, Claire Bloom, Cedric Hardwicke, John Gielgud, Laurence Naismith, Norman Wooland.

Depicts Richard plotting and conspiring to grasp the throne from his brother King Edward IV. In the process, many are killed and betrayed, with Richard’s evil leading to his own downfall. The prologue of the film states that history without its legends would be “a dry matter indeed”, implicitly admitting to the artistic licence that Shakespeare applied to the events of the time.

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